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Kawasaki-like Syndrome in COVID-19 positive children found to be a new condition

Published Date : 2020-06-15

A study conducted on children suffering from severe inflammatory symptoms has shown that the condition is different from the Kawasaki disease.  Last month, researchers in the UK and some European countries with a considerably high number of COVID-19 cases identified a new inflammatory syndrome in children similar to Kawasaki disease, which is a rare syndrome that affects young children. Now, the researchers have recognized primary symptoms and clinical markers of the newly identified syndrome. These findings will help clinicians diagnose and treat the condition and also allow researchers to develop novel treatment approaches. 

The study, led by researchers from Imperial college academic health Science Centre (AHSC), included academicians and clinicians from hospitals across England,  including the Evelina London Children’s Hospital, Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH), and the Kawasaki Disease Research Center at the University of California San Diego. The condition that researchers have named Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS), was examined in 58 children admitted to 8 hospitals in England. The condition, PIMS-TS, which is believed to be extremely rare, has raised concerns regarding long-lasting coronary damage. Under 200 cases have been reported in England that show a range of symptoms, although most children have already recovered. Lead author, Dr. Elizabeth Whittaker, Department of Infectious Disease, Imperial College London, and Consultant, Pediatric Infectious Diseases And Immunology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, says that this new condition extremely rare but make a child severely ill, which is why it is important to characterize this disease accurately so they can provide close monitoring and optimal treatment.

Dr. Julia Kenny, Consultant, Paediatric Infectious Diseases And Immunology, Evelina London, set that there analysis indicates that this is  indeed  a new condition and when untreated it poses a risk of severe complications in very ill children.  However, early  diagnosis and treatment can give a better outcome, as  seen in the children they examined.