Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Fabrication, and Global Markets
ID : RND_042141 Format : PDF May, 2019 Publisher : BCC Research Pages : 144
This report provides an updated review of various types of perovskite photovoltaic cells and their fabrication processes, and identifies current and emerging applications for these products.
BCC Research delineates the current market status for perovskite and other thin film solar modules, defines trends and presents growth forecasts for the next five years. The market is analyzed based on the following segments: solar cell type, application and region. In addition, technological issues, including key events and the latest process developments, are discussed.
More specifically, the market analysis conducted by BCC Research for this report is divided into five sections.
In the first section, an introduction to the topic and a historical review of perovskite solar cells are provided, including an outline of recent events. In this section, current and emerging applications for these devices are also identified and grouped according to six main categories (construction/ architectural, infrastructure, electronics, transportation, space and defense).
The second section provides a technological review of perovskite solar cells. This section offers a current and detailed description of fabrication processes for perovskite photovoltaic cells; typical materials used to produce these devices; cell configurations and efficiencies achieved in recent years; technological trends in device fabrication; and new and emerging fabrication methods. This section concludes with an analysis of the most important technological developments since 2015, including examples of significant patents recently issued or applied for, as well as highlighting the most active research organizations operating in this field.
The third section entails a global market analysis for perovskite and other thin film solar modules. Global revenues (sales data in millions of dollars) are presented for each segment (solar cell type, application and region), with actual data referring to the years 2015 and 2016, and estimates for 2017.
The analysis of current revenues is followed by a detailed presentation of market growth trends, based on industry growth, and industry and regional trends. The third section concludes by providing projected revenues for perovskite and other thin film solar modules within each segment, together with forecast CAGRs for the period 2017 through 2022.
In the fourth section of the study, which covers global industry structure, the report offers a list of the leading suppliers and developers of perovskite solar cells, together with a description of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of other key industry players. Detailed company profiles of the top players are also provided.
The fifth and final section includes an analysis of recently issued U.S. and international patents, with a summary of patents related to perovskite photovoltaic devices, materials, fabrication methods and applications. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee, patent category, device type and material type.
- 33 tables
- An overview of the global market for perovskite solar cells.
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015 and 2016, estimates for 2017, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2022.
- Analysis of the market by product category, by application, and by region.
- A look into the fields of application, e.g., utilities; building-integrated photovoltaics, or BIPV; portable devices; transportation; and off-grid applications.
- Description of the production processes, such as substrate types, and thin and thick film deposition methods, employed in the fabrication of these cells.
- A summary of patents related to various types of perovskite solar cells, their fabrication methods and applications.
- Descriptions of the geographic distribution of manufacturers and detailed company profiles of top industry players.
Perovskites are materials with a unique crystal structure that enable them to find application in many fields. They have been synthesized in the form of oxides, alloys and halides. Although oxides are the most popular, halides have received increasing attention in recent years due to their emiconducting
properties, which makes them suitable for various applications in the optoelectronics and energy sectors.
In particular, perovskite solar cells represent an emerging category of thin film solar cells with very good prospects for becoming a replacement for not only other thin film solar technologies, but also as a substitute for crystalline silicon. Perovskite solar cells can be applied in more traditional fields, such as construction and utility projects, and in emerging, non-typical applications, such as artificial photosynthesis.
Perovskite solar cells are being produced in a variety of material compositions (e.g., alkali metal halides, organic-inorganic halides and lead-free formulations) and configurations (e.g., single-junction, tandem and multijunction) to achieve high power conversion efficiency (PCE) and optimal photovoltaic performance. Their long-term stability, however, still represents the main impediment to achieving full commercialization, although several players are proposing solutions that would soon allow for a successful entry into the market.
This study provides an updated and comprehensive description of perovskite solar cells as well as an overview of their fabrication processes and applications, outlining current technical issues and the latest technological developments related to the manufacturing of these products. It also offers a detailed market analysis for perovskite and other thin film solar cells by segment (solar cell type, application and region), describing technical aspects and trends that will affect future growth of this market.
As shown in the Summary Table, the global market for thin film solar modules increased from $3.1 billion in 2015 to almost $3.3 billion in 2016 and is estimated to reach over $3.7 billion by the end of 2017, corresponding to a CAGR of 9.3% during the two-year period. In recent years, sales of thin film
solar cells have suffered aggressive price competition from crystalline silicon. However, producers of thin film solar cells are making progress in the fabrication of cells with higher PCE and low manufacturing costs.
Conventional thin film solar cells (e.g., cadmium telluride and copper-indium-gallium diselenide) currently account for the largest share of the market, by far, but several emerging technologies are being introduced to better compete on price, such as organic and dye-sensitized cells. By comparison, perovskite solar cells are primarily still in the development stage with sales that are estimated to be several million dollars and consisting largely of prototypes.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
Reasons for Doing This Study
Scope of Report
Methodology and Information Sources
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Market and Technology Background
Solar Cell Industry
Milestones in the History of Perovskite Solar Cells
Applications of Perovskite Solar Cells
Chapter 4 Technology
Basic Configuration of Perovskite Solar Cells
Perovskite Materials for Solar Cells
Alkali Metal Halides
Other Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells
Bottom Transparent Conductive Layer
Top Conductive Layer
Fabrication Process for Perovskite Solar Cells
Film Thickness and Deposition in Perovskite Solar Cells
Perovskite Solar Cell Efficiency
Tandem Solar Cells
Double-Perovskite Solar Cells
Single-Junction Solar Cells
Perovskite Quantum Dots
Advantages and Disadvantages of Perovskite Solar Cells
Latest Technological Developments, 2015 to Present
Perovskite Layer for Solar Cells with Composition Gradient
Tin-based Hybrid Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cell
Chalcopyrite-Perovskite Tandem Cell
Perovskite Solar Cell with Back Contacts
High-Efficiency Organic-Inorganic Perovskite Solar Cell
Other Relevant R&D Activities
Chapter 5 Global Markets
Global Market Summary
Current Market Status
Market by Solar Cell Type
Market by Application
Market by Region
Market Growth Trends
Market by Solar Cell Type
Market by Application
Market by Region
Chapter 6 Global Industry Structure
Leading Players in Perovskite Solar Cell Development and Manufacturing
Other Industry Players
Chapter 7 Patent Analysis
Summary of Recently Awarded Patents
Trends by Country and Region
Trends by Assignee
Trends by Patent Category
Trends by Solar Cell Type
Trends by Material Type
List of Tables
Summary Table : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Module, by Type, Through 2022
Table 1 : Common Perovskite Compounds
Table 2 : Global Production of Photovoltaic Modules, by Type, Through 2022
Table 3 : Technological Milestones for Perovskite Materials and Solar Cells
Table 4 : Applications of Perovskite Solar Cells
Table 5 : Perovskite Materials for Solar Cells
Table 6 : Thin Film Deposition Methods, 2017
Table 7 : Perovskite Solar Cell and Module Efficiency
Table 8 : Other Relevant R&D Activities
Table 9 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Category, Through 2022
Table 10 : 2nd and 3rd Generation Solar Cells
Table 11 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Type, Through 2017
Table 12 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Application, Through 2017
Table 13 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Region, Through 2017
Table 14 : Global Production of Energy, by Type, Through 2022
Table 15 : Global Market for Tablets, Smartphones, and Calculators, by Type, Through 2022
Table 16 : Global Market for Sensors, by Type, Through 2022
Table 17 : Global Market for Automotive Electronic Controls, by Type, Through 2022
Table 18 : Global Market for the Aerospace Industry, by Region, Through 2022
Table 19 : Nanotechnology Industry, 2017
Table 20 : Global Market for Nanotechnology, by Type, Through 2022
Table 21 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Type, Through 2022
Table 22 : Global Market for Perovskite Solar Modules, Through 2027
Table 23 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Application, Through 2022
Table 24 : Global Market for Perovskite and Other Thin Film Solar Modules, by Region, Through 2022
Table 25 : Leading Players in Perovskite Solar Cell Development and Manufacturing
Table 26 : Leading Players by Product/Activity Type
Table 27 : Leading Players, by Product/Activity and Region
Table 28 : Other Industry Players
Table 29 : Perovskite Solar Cells-Worldwide Patents, 2017
Table 30 : Perovskite Solar Cells-Worldwide Patents, 2016
Table 31 : Global Patent Trend for Perovskite Solar Cells, Through 2017
Table 32 : Global Patent Trend for Perovskite Solar Cells, by Region, Through 2017
Table 33 : Assignees of Global Patents Related to Perovskite Solar Cells
A research methodology is a systematic approach for assessing or conducting a market study. Researchers tend to draw on a variety of both qualitative and quantitative study methods, inclusive of investigations, survey, secondary data and market observation.
Such plans can focus on classifying the products offered by leading market players or simply use statistical models to interpret observations or test hypotheses. While some methods aim for a detailed description of the factors behind an observation, others present the context of the current market scenario.
Now let’s take a closer look at the research methods here.
Secondary Research Model:
Extensive data is obtained and cumulated on a substantial basis during the inception phase of the research process. The data accumulated is consistently filtered through validation from the in-house database, paid sources as well reputable industry magazines. A robust research study requires an understanding of the overall value chain. Annual reports and financials of industry players are studied thoroughly to have a comprehensive idea of the market taxonomy.
Post conglomeration of the data obtained through secondary research; a validation process is initiated to verify the numbers or figures. This process is usually performed by having a detailed discussion with the industry experts.
However, we do not restrict our primary interviews only to the industry leaders. Our team covers the entire value chain while verifying the data. A significant number of raw material suppliers, local manufacturers, distributors, and stakeholders are interviewed to make our findings authentic. The current trends which include the drivers, restraints, and opportunities are also derived through the primary research process.
The market estimation is conducted by analyzing the data collected through both secondary and primary research. This process involves market breakdown, bottom-up and top- down approach.
Moreover, while forecasting the market a comprehensive statistical time series model is designed for each market. Macroeconomic indicators are considered to understand the current trends of the market. Each data point is verified by the process of data triangulation method to arrive at the final market estimates.
The penultimate process results in a holistic research report. The study equips key industry players to undertake significant strategic decisions through the findings. The report encompasses detailed market information. Graphical representations of the current market trends are also made available in order to make the study highly comprehensible for the reader.
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